The Center’s comprehensive database contains over 500 research products generated by our projects and staff.
In order to make it easy to find what you are looking for, we have divided our publications into 4 broad categories (International, U.S.-focused, Books, and News), with increasingly specific categories (e.g. by project) as you drill down. You can also search this database by country, global region, U.S. state, or keyword.
U.S. Publications (161) « Downloads
- Navigating the Future: Making Headway on Sustainability for Social Accountability Organizations (2014)
GPSA Working Paper #2 | Lester M. Salamon, Stephanie L. Geller, and S. Wojciech Sokolowski. Despite the recent emphasis on sustainability planning, nonprofit organizations engaged in social accountability remain fundamentally tied to fairly traditional grant funding from international sources. This working paper reviews financial sustainability options for civil society organizations engaged in citizen engagement with policymakers and service providers in monitoring and assessing government performance. It suggests five concrete strategies that social accountability organizations can consider, drawing on literature, interviews, organizational website and an analysis of recent trends in nonprofit finance. This paper was commissioned by the Global Partnership for Social Accountability (GPSA), a global partnership program within The World Bank Group.
- New Frontiers of Philanthropy & Leverage for Good Flyer (2014)
Flyer for two newly published books from Oxford University Press: New Frontiers of Philanthropy: A Guide to the New Tools and Actors that are reshaping Global Philanthropy and Social Investment, edited by Lester M. Salamon (published June 11, 2014), and Leverage for Good: An Introduction to the New Frontiers of Philanthropy and Social Investing, by Lester M. Salamon (published April 2014). Both books are available for purchase from Amazon or Oxford University Press. Leverage for Good is also available in Japanese from Minerva Publishing and Chinese from Social Sciences Academy Press (China).
- New York Capital Region Nonprofits: A Major Economic Engine (2017)
Nonprofit Economic Data Bulletin #44 | Lester M. Salamon and Chelsea L. Newhouse. This bulletin presents data on the scope and scale of the nonprofit sector in New York’s Capital Region—Albany, Columbia, Greene, Rensselaer, Saratoga, Schenectady, Warren, and Washington Counties— and how it changed between 2003 and 2013, revealing that not only is it the single largest "industry" in the region in terms of employment, but that it has shown remarkable resiliency through two recessionary periods, contributing 90% of all job growth during the study period. Produced in collaboration with New York Council of Nonprofits, Inc.
- New York: Westchester County Nonprofits: A Major Economic Engine (2014)
Nonprofit Economic Data Bulletin #42 | Lester M. Salamon and Stephanie Lessans Geller. This bulletin presents data on the scope and scale of the nonprofit sector in New York's Westchester County, and how it changed between 2003 and 2013, revealing that not only is it the single largest industry in the county in terms of employment, but that it has shown remarkable resiliency through two recessionary periods. Produced in collaboration with Westchester County Nonprofits.
- Nonprofit Advocacy: What do we know? (2007)
CCSS Working Paper #22 | Stephanie L. Geller and Lester M. Salamon. Explores what existing research tells us about the extent and prevailing trends in nonprofit involvement in policy advocacy; examines what is known about the impact on nonprofit advocacy of some of the major factors that various theories have suggested affect the scale and character of nonprofit involvement in policy advocacy; and summarizes the gaps in our knowledge on this important topic and the implications these hold for further research on nonprofit advocacy.
- Nonprofit America: A Force for Democracy? (2008)
Listening Post Communiqué #9 | Lester M. Salamon and Stephanie L. Geller, with Susan C. Lorentz. Examines the challenges affecting nonprofit engagement in policy advocacy, how this varies by field and organizational size, the factors that affect the willingness of nonprofit organizations to engage in lobbying and advocacy, and what forms their involvement takes.
- Nonprofit Fiscal Trends and Challenges (2007)
Listening Post Communiqué #6 | Lester M. Salamon and Stephanie L. Geller. Reports on how nonprofits are coping with challenges such as shifts in government funding, changes in public behavior, new technological demands, growing competition, and major demographic alterations
- Nonprofit Governance and Accountability (2005)
Listening Post Communiqué #4 | Lester M. Salamon and Stephanie L. Geller. Examines the governance and accountability practices that nonprofit organizations are using, focusing on six key areas of nonprofit operations: (1) transparency and financial accountability; (2) board roles and responsibilities; (3) conflict of interest and related ethics protections; (4) adherence to “best practice” standards; (5) changes in organizational structure and mission; and (6) board awareness.
- Nonprofit Management Education: A Field Whose Time Has Passed? (1996)
CCSS Working Paper #7 | Lester M. Salamon. Salamon argues that the training of nonprofit managers best occurs within the context of educational programs that train future public servants—both in the public and nonprofit sectors. Such educational programs should incorporate the moral and philosophical underpinnings of public service in addition to more traditional areas of study, including policy analysis, the tools of government action, and management coursework.
- Nonprofit Policy Priorities for the New Administration (2008)
Listening Post Communiqué #11 | Lester M. Salamon, Stephanie L. Geller, and Kasey L. Spence. This survey sought the opinions of America’s crucially important nonprofit executives about what a new national administration could do to equip nonprofits to help Americans cope with the economic crisis. Respondents were asked how useful a series of possible policy measures might be to organizations such as theirs, what their top three policy priorities would be, and whether they agreed with a number of more general policy-related statements.
- Nonprofit Values - Productive
This infographic is part of a series examining the seven nonprofit values arising from the Listening Post Project's Nonprofit Values Survey. The findings of that survey are discussed in-depth in the report "What Do Nonprofits Stand For? Renewing the nonprofit value commitment." Further materials relating to these values and the overall nonprofit renewal strategy can be found here.
- Nonprofit Works FREE Flyer (12.2021)
This is the flyer for Nonprofit Works, the Center's interactive database of U.S. nonprofit employment, establishments, and wages.
- Nonprofits, Innovation, and Performance Measurement: Separating Fact from Fiction (2010)
Listening Post Communiqué #17 | Lester M. Salamon, Stephanie L. Geller, and Kasey L. Mengel. Describes the record of innovation and performance measurement in the nation’s nonprofit sector as well as what obstacles, if any, stand in the way of even more effective activity in this area. Also see: Report on the Listening Post Project’s Nonprofit Innovations Webinar (2011).
- Nonprofits: America's Third Largest Workforce (2018)
Nonprofit Economic Data Bulletin #46 | Lester M. Salamon. Drawing on research data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics developed from its comprehensive Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages, this report brings the story of U.S. nonprofit employment up-to-date through 2015. Unlike previous reports in this series, this report presents projected estimates of overall nonprofit employment nationally and by individual states and 1,893 of the country’s approximately 3,100 counties, in addition to breakdowns by field at the national and state levels.
- North Carolina: Nonprofit Employment (2005)
Nonprofit Economic Data Bulletin #19 | Lester M. Salamon and Stephanie Lessans Geller. This report presents information on the size, composition, distribution, and growth of paid employment in the private nonprofit sector in North Carolina as of the second quarter of 2003.
- Of Market Failure, Voluntary Failure, and Third-Party Government: Toward a Theory of Government-Nonprofit Relations in the Modern Welfare State
Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly 1987 Vol. 16 | Lester M. Salamon. This article argues that neglect of government-nonprofit ties is less the product of a lack of research than of important weaknesses in theory. Both the theory of the welfare state and the theory of the voluntary sector, moreover, are deficient. To overcome these weaknesses, the article advances an alternative theoretical formulation that replaces the prevailing conception of the welfare state with the concept of "third-party government," and replaces the "market failure-government failure" theory of the voluntary sector with a theory built around the concept of "voluntary failure" instead.
- Ohio: Nonprofit Employment (2004)
Nonprofit Economic Data Bulletin #15 | Lester M. Salamon and Stephanie Lessans Geller. This report presents information on the size, composition, and distribution of paid employment in the private nonprofit sector in Ohio as of the second quarter of 2002.
- OVERVIEW: Nonprofits Continue to Add Jobs in the Current Downturn, but Rate of Job Growth Falters
Nonprofit Economic Data Bulletin #37 | Lester M. Salamon, Stephanie Lessans Geller, and S. Wojciech Sokolowski. This document presents the initial analysis of U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics data describes recent changes in U.S. nonprofit employment, compares these to for-profit employment, and looks at growth patterns by state and by nonprofit field. The full report entitled "Holding the Fort: Nonprofit Employment during a Decade of Turmoil" is available here.
- Partners in Public Service: Government-Nonprofit Relations in the Modern Welfare State (1995)
ISBN 0-8018-4963-2 | Lester M. Salamon. Discusses the theoretical basis of government/nonprofit cooperation, shows why government came to rely on nonprofit groups to administer public programs, documents the scope of the resulting partnership in the U.S., and explores the expanding scope of government-nonprofit collaboration at the international level. This download contains information from the cover of the book, as well as the table of contents. The full volume is available for purchase from Amazon.
- Pennsylvania Nonprofits: A Major State Industry (2017)
Nonprofit Economic Data Bulletin #45 | Lester M. Salamon and S. Wojciech Sokolowski. This bulletin presents data on the scope and scale of the nonprofit sector in Pennsylvania and how it changed between 2007 and 2012, revealing that not only is it the single largest “industry” in the state in terms of employment, but that it showed remarkable resiliency during the most recent recessionary period.
- Pennsylvania: Nonprofit Employment (2005)
Nonprofit Economic Data Bulletin #18 | Lester M. Salamon and Stephanie Lessans Geller. This report presents information on the size, composition, distribution, and growth of paid employment in the private nonprofit sector in Pennsylvania as of the second quarter of 2003.
- Policy Tools and Government Performance (2002)
Summarizes the proceedings of a 2002 conference, co-sponsored by the U.S. General Accounting Office, the U.S. Office of Management and Budget, and the Johns Hopkins Center for Civil Society Studies, which examined the implications of new of tools of public action for government performance in the United States. The conference was designed to acquaint both policy scholars and practitioners with these alternative tools, and with the "tools approach" that focuses attention on them, and to establish an agenda for future action that might improve the operation of public programs by sensitizing policy makers and policy administrators to the distinctive features and operating demands of the various tools that public programs embody.
- Private Action/Public Good: Maryland’s Nonprofit Sector in a Time of Change – Executive Summary (1997)
Lester M. Salamon. Produced in cooperation with the Maryland Association of Nonprofit Organizations, this document describes the size and scope of the nonprofit sector in Maryland, what nonprofits do, the sector’s impact on the economy, and trends in staffing, usage of volunteers, fundraising, and management.
- Pushing Back on Taxation of Nonprofits: Some Lessons from the Field: Report from a Listening Post Project Webinar (2012)
Hillary Belzer. Summarizes the findings from the Listening Post Project’s April 2012 webinar on nonprofit taxation and describes four strategies nonprofits can use to fight against proposals for taxes, PILOTs and other fees. This webinar followed up on the Project's 2011 sounding "Taxing the Tax Exempt Sector - A Growing Danger for Nonprofit Organizations".
- Recession Pressures on Nonprofit Jobs (2010)
Listening Post Communiqué #19 | Lester M. Salamon, Stephanie L. Geller, and Kasey L. Mengel. Examines the impact of the recession is on the nonprofit workforce and on the ability of nonprofits to respond to expanding needs, as well as the potential benefits of the recently enacted HIRE Act to nonprofit employment.
Note: If you can’t find the publication you are looking for, please contact Chelsea Newhouse.