Publications archive

The Center’s comprehensive database contains over 500 research products generated by our projects and staff.
 
In order to make it easy to find what you are looking for, we have divided our publications into 4 broad categories (International, U.S.-focused, Books, and News), with increasingly specific categories (e.g. by project) as you drill down. You can also search this database by country, global region, U.S. state, or keyword.
 

U.S. Publications (161) « Downloads

Sub-Categories: Listening Post Publications (42) | New Frontiers in Philanthropy Publications (17) | Nonprofit Economic Data Publications (65)

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  • The Health Benefits Squeeze: Implications for Nonprofit Organizations and Those They Serve (2004)
    Listening Post Communiqué #3 | Lester M. Salamon and Richard O’Sullivan. Describes the higher than average health benefit cost increases for nonprofits and how they are finding it necessary to shift a disproportionate share of the resulting burden to their already less well paid employees in order to reduce the impacts on the populations they serve.

  • The Influence of the Legal Environment on the Development of the Nonprofit Sector (2000)
    CCSS Working Paper #17 | Lester M. Salamon and Stefan Toepler. This paper discusses a transaction cost-based theoretical framework for understanding possible impacts of law on nonprofit development; develops a nonprofit law index on the basis of this framework; and tests empirically whether there is a relationship between the size of the nonprofit sector and the degree of legal enablement in a cross-section of countries.

  • The Nonprofit Sector and the Arts in the United States - Bridging the gap (1999)
    CCSS Working Paper #15 | Stephan Toepler. While most high cultural institutions as well as community arts groups in the U.S. are nonprofit in form, traditionally, there has been very little interaction between nonprofit research and research on arts policy and cultural economics. Based on a presentation given at the National Endowment for the Arts, this paper reviews the applicability and relevance of trends and policy issues in the nonprofit sector for the field of arts and culture.

  • The Nonprofit Technology Gap: Myth or Reality? (2010)
    Listening Post Communiqué #20 | Stephanie L. Geller, Alan J. Abramson, and Erwin de Leon. Investigates whether nonprofits been able to integrate sophisticated technologies into their operations and use such technologies to support and enhance delivery of their programs and services. Also examines what variations, if any, exist by organizational size, age, service area, and field, and what challenges are limiting nonprofits’ use of information technologies and preventing them from using such technologies effectively.

  • The Nonprofit Workforce Crisis: Real or Imagined? (2007)
    Listening Post Communiqué #8 | Lester M. Salamon and Stephanie L. Geller. Investigates whether nonprofit organizations are really facing a crisis in attracting and retaining employees in light of rapidly growing nonprofit employment, whether recruitment and retention problems are concentrated in particular fields or in particular positions, and whether nonprofit managers are finding ways to surmount the very real workforce challenges they are facing.

  • The Resilient Sector Revisited: The New Challenge to Nonprofit America. Second Edition (2015)
    ISBN 978-0-8157-2454-4 | Lester M. Salamon. This second edition of The Resilient Sector provides a wealth of new data to paint a compelling picture of an important set of American institutions buffeted by a withering set of challenges, yet still finding ways to survive and prosper. Operating in an increasingly competitive environment in which traditional sources of government and philanthropic support have proved difficult to expand, U.S. nonprofits have turned decisively, and successfully, to the market. But this survival strategy has put at risk many of the very features that make nonprofits so valuable. To reduce these risks, Salamon recommends a “renewal strategy” for the nation’s nonprofit sector that begins with a clearer articulation and application of the sector’s “value proposition.” This download contains the flyer and table of contents for The Resilient Sector Revisited, published by the Brookings Institution Press. The full volume is available for order from Amazon and Brookings in hard copy and e-reader editions.

  • The Resilient Sector: The State of Nonprofit America (2003)
    ISBN 0-8157-7679-9 | Lester M. Salamon. Offers an updated overview of the state of health of America's nonprofit organizations, which have shown remarkable resilience in recent years in the face of a variety of difficult challenges, significantly re-engineering themselves in the process. Discusses how this very resilience now poses risks for the sector's continued ability to perform the tasks that we have long expected of it. This download contains information from the cover of the book, as well as the table of contents. The full volume is available for purchase from Amazon.

  • The Revolution on the Frontiers of Philanthropy and Social Investment, Philanthropy Impact (Spring 2014)
    Philanthropy Impact Magazine: 5 – SPRING 2014 | Lester M. Salamon. In this article, published March 2014, Center Director Lester Salamon discusses some of the innovations and developments taking place in philanthropy and social investing. The full issue of Philanthropy Impact can be found here.

  • The State of Nonprofit America (2002)
    ISBN 0-8157-0624-3 | Lester M. Salamon, Ed. Summarizes critical opportunities and challenges for the nonprofit sector in the U.S., examines each of the sector’s major fields, and assesses important cross-cutting trends and issues. It provides a basic sourcebook for sector leaders, the press, public officials, and citizens concerned about the future of America’s nonprofit sector and eager to understand the forces affecting it. This download contains information from the cover of the book, including a brief overview from the publisher. The full volume is available for purchase at Amazon.

  • The State of Nonprofit America, Second Edition (2012)
    ISBN 978-0-8157-0330-3 | Lester M. Salamon, Ed. This is the second edition of The State of Nonprofit America examines the forces at work on the U.S. nonprofit sector – voluntarism, professionalism, civic activism, and commercialism – and the tensions among these impulses. In the second edition of an immensely successful volume, Lester Salamon and his colleagues offer an overview of the current state of America’s nonprofit sector, examining the forces that are shaping its future and identifying the changes that might be needed. This edition has been completely revised and updated to reflect changing political realities and the punishing economic climate currently battering the nonprofit sector, which faces significant financial challenges during a time when its services are needed more than ever. This download contains the flyer for the book, and the table of contents. A sample chapter and ordering information are available at Brookings Press.

  • The Tools of Government: A Guide to the New Governance (2002)
    ISBN 0-19-513665-9 | Edited by Lester M. Salamon. (New York: Oxford University Press, 2002). Examines the emerging tools of public action and the implications they have for public management and policy design. An Overview chapter outlines the "new governance" concept and relates it to prior approaches to public management. Subsequent chapters then examine each of the major tools. A concluding section explores the implications of the "new governance" for accountability, management, and democratic control. This download includes the Table of Contents and the Introductory chapter. The full book is available in hardback, Kindle, and rental editions at Amazon.

  • Tools of Government Workbook #1: Social Regulation
    These "workbooks" illustrate the operating mechanics of some of the major tools of government action as described through the The Tools of Government: A Guide to the New Governance. This workbook includes original source documents that illustrate the operation of a government program that embodies social regulation as a tool of government. It is designed to help the reader better understand the process for implementing and managing a regulatory program involving social or environmental regulation.

  • Tools of Government Workbook #2: Government Insurance
    These "workbooks" illustrate the operating mechanics of some of the major tools of government action as described through the The Tools of Government: A Guide to the New Governance. This workbook includes original source documents that illustrate the operation of a government program that embodies insurance as a tool of government. It is designed to help the reader better understand the process for implementing and managing a government insurance program.

  • Tools of Government Workbook #3: Tax Expenditures
    These "workbooks" illustrate the operating mechanics of some of the major tools of government action as described through the The Tools of Government: A Guide to the New Governance. This workbook includes original source documents and forms that illustrate the operation of the tax expenditure tool. It is designed to help the reader better understand the process of creating, implementing, and managing a tax expenditure program.

  • Tools of Government Workbook #4: Tort Liability
    These "workbooks" illustrate the operating mechanics of some of the major tools of government action as described through the The Tools of Government: A Guide to the New Governance. This workbook includes original source documents in the form of litigation documents and state and federal statutes, that illustrate the operation of tort liability as a tool of government. It is designed to help the reader better understand the process for implementing and managing a tort liability‐based program or policy.

  • Tools of Government Workbook #5: Government Corporations and Government Sponsored Enterprises
    These "workbooks" illustrate the operating mechanics of some of the major tools of government action as described through the The Tools of Government: A Guide to the New Governance. This workbook includes original source documents that illustrate the operation of a government program that provides public services through a government corporation or a government sponsored enterprise as a tool of government. It is designed to help the reader better understand the process for (1) creating and managing a government corporation and (2) creating and supervising a government sponsored enterprise.

  • Tools of Government Workbook #6: Loans and Loan Guarantees
    These "workbooks" illustrate the operating mechanics of some of the major tools of government action as described through the The Tools of Government: A Guide to the New Governance. This workbook includes original source documents that illustrate the operation of a government program that embodies loans or loan guarantees as a tool of government. It is designed to help the reader better understand the process for implementing and managing a government credit program involving direct loans or loan guarantees.

  • United States: Defining the Nonprofit Sector (1996)
    Comparative Nonprofit Sector Working Paper #18 | Lester M. Salamon. Describes the historical and social context in which nonprofit organizations have developed in the U.S., the legal framework that defines their basic structure, and the recent trends influencing their evolution. Discusses the American ideology of volunteerism, particularly as it relates to tension between an individualist ethos and the need for collective action. Ultimately, recommends a comparative analysis of the American nonprofit sector to assess the applicability of theoretical definitions and to move beyond a purely ideological perspective.

  • Virginia: Virginia's Nonprofit Sector - An Economic Force (2008)
    Nonprofit Economic Data Bulletin #32 | Lester M. Salamon, Stephanie Lessans Geller, S. Wojciech Sokolowski. This report focuses on six major topics: 1. the overall size of Virginia’s nonprofit sector – the number of organizations and their expenditures, assets, and number of workers; 2. the distribution of this nonprofit activity by field, region, and size of organization; 3. the sources of nonprofit revenue; 4. The extent of recent nonprofit growth; 5. the resulting changes in the “market position” of nonprofit providers; and 6. the relative wage levels of nonprofit and for-profit employers.

  • Virginia: Virginia's Nonprofit Sector - Shaping the economic, cultural, and social landscape (2012)
    Nonprofit Economic Data Bulletin #41 | Lester M. Salamon and Stephanie L.. Geller. This report updates the 2008 report "Virginia's Nonprofit Sector: An Economic Force." The report includes the data on the overall size of Virginia’s nonprofit sector; the distribution of this nonprofit activity by field, region, and size of organization; the sources of nonprofit revenue; the extent of recent nonprofit growth; the resulting changes in the “market position” of nonprofit providers; and the relative wage levels of nonprofit and for-profit employers. Data is from 2000-2011. This version was revised on 12.12.2012 to reflect a correction to Figure 3.5.

  • Washington DC: Nonprofit Employment (2005)
    Washington DC: Nonprofit Employment (2005) Nonprofit Economic Data Bulletin #20 | Lester M. Salamon and Stephanie Lessans Geller. Published in the Nonprofit Roundtable of Greater Washington’s report The Business of Doing Good in Greater Washington: How the Nonprofit Sector Contributes to the Region’s Economy, this report presents information on the size, composition, and distribution of paid employment in the private nonprofit sector in the greater Washington region as of the end of the second quarter of 2003.

  • West Virginia: Nonprofit Employment (2001)
    Nonprofit Economic Data Bulletin #2 | Sarah Dewees and Lester M. Salamon. This report presents information on the size and distribution of the private nonprofit sector in West Virginia as of the end of 1999.

  • What Do Nonprofits Stand For? Renewing the nonprofit value commitment (2012)
    Listening Post Communiqué #22 | Lester M. Salamon, Stephanie L. Geller, and Chelsea L. Newhouse. This Communiqué reports on the Listening Post Project's survey on nonprofit values. The survey found a widespread consensus that seven values−being productive, effective, enriching, empowering, responsive, reliable, and caring−lie at the core of the nonprofit sector. However, the survey also found that many nonprofit leaders feel that the sector must do a better job of articulating and communicating these values among their stakeholders in the media, government, and general public. In addition to providing the results of this first-of-its-kind survey, this report also puts forth a proposed "renewal strategy" for the sector, to help nonprofits recommit to their core values and to provide a common language for communicating those core values to crucial stakeholders in light of the profound challenges facing the sector around the U.S. today.

  • What Nonprofit Wage Deficit? (2002)
    The Nonprofit Quarterly, pp. 61-62, Winter 2002 | Lester M. Salamon. Compares nonprofit and for-profit wages in industries in which both sectors are significantly engaged. The result is that the real culprit in the apparent wage disparity is industry mix, not nonprofit status. Nonprofit workers actually have higher average wages than for-profit workers in industries in which both are extensively engaged.

  • What Would Google Do? Designing Appropriate Social Impact Measurement Systems (2011)
    Community Development Investment Review Vol. 7, Issue 2 | Lester M. Salamon. Enormous progress is being made in the design of metrics to assess the consequences of social interventions. this article discusses four considerations that could be given greater salience in the design of social impact measurement system. The Center is grateful to the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco for making this article available.


 

Note: If you can’t find the publication you are looking for, please contact Chelsea Newhouse.