Publications

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CNP Working Papers (67) « Comparative Nonprofit Sector Publications « International Publications « Downloads

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  • Argentina: Defining the Nonprofit Sector (1998)
    Comparative Nonprofit Sector Working Paper #33 | Andrea Campetella, Inés González Bombal, and Mario Roitter. Traces the origins of the private nonprofit organizations and explains the recent emergence in the visibility of the nonprofit sector in Argentina. Outlines the historical construct of the “third” sector and its impact on the development of Argentina’s nonprofit sector and studies the impact of the Argentinean legal system on the development of such institutions.

  • Australia: Defining the Nonprofit Sector (1998)
    Comparative Nonprofit Sector Working Paper #30 | Mark Lyons. Reveals that Australia has many nonprofit organizations, but no recognized nonprofit sector, despite the fact that collectively these organizations constitute one of the larger sectors in the world. This disunity, the author suggests, could pose a significant burden on the sector’s continued development as long as the public perceives the organizational world in terms of only the government and business sectors

  • Brazil: Defining the Nonprofit Sector (1993)
    Comparative Nonprofit Sector Working Paper #9 | Leilah Landim. The notion of nonprofit organizations is unfamiliar to Brazilian social and economic thought, but it is gradually gaining prominence. Ties the emergence of the nonprofit sector to the close links between the Church and the population. Indicates a shift in the last decade of the nineteenth century where voluntary organizations came up on their own and covered more diverse areas of political and professional interests. Studies the relationship between the fiscal sector and the nonprofit sector, as well as the legal status of these organizations. Discusses the reemergence of the relationship between the Catholic church and the State as a mechanism to maintain social order.

  • Caring Sector or Caring Society? Discovering the Nonprofit Sector Cross-Nationally (1994)
    Comparative Nonprofit Sector Working Paper #17 | Lester M. Salamon and Helmut K. Anheier. Challenges conventional U.S. rhetoric of voluntarism, which equates the size and visibility of the nonprofit sector with the presence of a “caring tradition” in a society.

  • Chile: Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project National Report (Español, 2006)
    Producido por FOCUS, este informe resume los resultados de la Proyecto comparativo Johns Hopkins sector sin Fines de Lucro de trabajo en Chile. Los resultados muestran que el sector sin fines de lucro de Chile es el más grande en América Latina, representando más del 303 000 equivalentes a tiempo completo (ETC) y trabajos pagados voluntarios, el empleo remunerado representa por sí solo el 2,6% de la población económicamente activa. Los datos son alrededor de 2004.

  • Colombia: Defining the Nonprofit Sector (1998)
    Comparative Nonprofit Sector Working Paper #29 | Rodrigo Villar. Describes a nonprofit sector in which nonprofit, or civil society, organizations have begun to emerge autonomously, independent of the government, political parties, or the Catholic Church. This civil society renewal is facilitated by the 1991 Constitution providing for participatory spaces for private, nonprofit actors, but has been challenged by continuing political violence.

  • Czech Republic: Defining the Nonprofit Sector (1998)
    Comparative Nonprofit Sector Working Paper #27 | Pavol Fric, Lenka Deverová, Petr Pajas, and Hana Silhánová. Describes the Czech nonprofit sector as being in a period of self-identification without precisely set borders delineating the scope of its activity. Following an outline of the sector’s historical roots and an analysis of the various organizational forms, the authors present ten critical issues that highlight the current status of the sector and what is at stake in its further development.

  • Denmark: Defining the Nonprofit Sector (2005)
    Comparative Nonprofit Sector Working Paper #44 | Bjarne Ibsen and Ulla Habermann Defines the voluntary sector in Denmark and delimits the different types of organizations included in the sector. Reviews the history and social context within which these organizations have developed. Addresses the “grey zone” of organizations that do not clearly fit under the definition of the nonprofit sector.

  • Egypt: Defining the Nonprofit Sector (1993)
    Comparative Nonprofit Sector Working Paper #10 | Amani Kandil. Discusses the way the nonprofit sector is defined and conceptualized in Egypt in light of three factors: state distrust of civil society, a rapidly changing political economy, and the rise of Islamic organizations, particularly in the nonprofit sector. Describes the major types of nonprofit organizations in Egypt and relates their challenges to tension between the State and religious groups and organizations.

  • Finland: Defining the Nonprofit Sector (1998)
    Comparative Nonprofit Sector Working Paper #34 | Voitto Helander and Susan Sundback. Examines the division in the societal organizations and the relatedness between the private and public sectors in Finland. Describes the impact of the Finnish integration into the European Union on the development of the “third” sector. Explains the impact of Finnish political and legal history on the development of the nonprofit sector.

  • France: Defining the Nonprofit Sector (1993)
    Comparative Nonprofit Sector Working Paper #7 | Edith Archambault. Attributes the difficulty in studying the nonprofit sector in France to the largely invisible nature of these institutions. Chronicles the reemergence of this sector from the 1980s when the Socialist government supported its emergence as important in French social policy. Describes the historical evolution of the nonprofit sector in France from the eighteenth century onwards and explains the shift in the legality of these organizations over time. Identifies the sectors that make up the social economy in France and the describes the current relationship between the nonprofit sector, French society and the state.

  • Germany: Defining the Nonprofit Sector (1993)
    Comparative Nonprofit Sector Working Paper #6 | Helmut K. Anheier and Wolfgang Seibel. Defines the concepts that make up the German nonprofit sector and tie the development of the sector to development of social goods and services in Germany. Explains that the nonprofit sector in Germany is not just one entity, but rather, it is composed of various terms that put these organizations somewhere between state agencies and market firms. Describes the different legal, fiscal and social implications of the term, nonprofit sector, and trace the historical developments of the sector in Germany to better explain the definition and conceptualization of the nonprofit sector today.

  • Ghana: Defining the Nonprofit Sector (1995)
    Comparative Nonprofit Sector Working Paper #14 | Lawrence Atingdui. Describes the composition of the Ghanaian nonprofit sector and contrasts it with other African countries that impose stricter restrictions on nonprofit organizations. Ghana’s nonprofit sector enjoys some cooperation from the government in the fields of health, social services, and education. Delineates the various types of nonprofit organizations in Ghana and discusses various legal and current issues in the context of the situation of these organizations in Ghana.

  • Hungary: Defining the Nonprofit Sector (1993)
    Comparative Nonprofit Sector Working Paper #13 | Eva Kuti. Discusses the nonprofit sector in Hungary in the context of the historical and political changes that took place, especially following the fall of Communism. Explains the lack of established legal, economic and fiscal regulations regarding the nonprofit sector in Hungary. Describes trends in the growth of the nonprofit sector since 1989 and the major types of organizations that have formed in light of the changed political conditions.

  • In Search of the Nonprofit Sector I: The Question of Definitions (1992)
    Comparative Nonprofit Sector Working Paper #2 | Lester M. Salamon and Helmut K. Anheier. Identifies the voluntary/nonprofit sector as the Third Sector, and suggests a conceptual approach for defining the nonprofit sector. Derives a definition for the sector and then applies it to various countries to assess its appropriateness.

  • In Search of the Nonprofit Sector II: The Problem of Classification (1992)
    Comparative Nonprofit Sector Working Paper #3 | Lester M. Salamon and Helmut K. Anheier. Redefines the nonprofit sector by giving it a structural/operational definition that breaks up organizations in the nonprofit sector into five structural/operational features. Explains the need for such a classification system and explains why existing systems are lacking in their definition of the sector. Also provides an alternative to the Proposed International Classification of Nonprofit Organizations and tests a cross-national application of the alternative.

  • India: Defining the Nonprofit Sector (1993)
    Comparative Nonprofit Sector Working Paper #12 | Siddhartha Sen. Attributes the complexities of Indian society in religion, ethnicity, cultural diversity and politics as causes for the lack of an underlying trend in the Indian nonprofit sector. Divides the development of voluntarism into three periods of Indian history and links them with ancient religious scriptures. Explains the role of the British in the development of this sector during their colonization of India and the emphasis on philanthropic works by three major religious movements, Hindu, Muslim, and Sikh. Chronicles the development of the nonprofit sector following independence in 1947 and underlines differences between the conceptual and legal status of nonprofits in India.

  • India: Defining the Sector in India - Voluntary, Civil or Nonprofit (PRIA, 2000)
    PRIA Working Paper #1. The first of a series of working papers produced by the Society for Participatory Research in Asia, this paper focuses on the definition and classification of nonprofit organizations as part of the Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project work in India.

  • India: Dimensions of Giving and Volunteering in Delhi (PRIA, 2004)
    PRIA Working Paper #13. One of a series of working papers produced by the Society for Participatory Research in Asia, this paper presents the findings of a survey on philanthropic giving and volunteering by the general populace undertaken as a complement to the Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project work in the state of Delhi, India.

  • India: Dimensions of Giving and Volunteering in Maharashtra (PRIA, 2003)
    PRIA Working Paper #11. One of a series of working papers produced by the Society for Participatory Research in Asia, this paper presents the findings of a survey on philanthropic giving and volunteering by the general populace undertaken as a complement to the Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project work in the state of Maharashtra, India.

  • India: Dimensions of Giving and Volunteering in Meghayala (PRIA, 2003)
    PRIA Working Paper #8. One of a series of working papers produced by the Society for Participatory Research in Asia, this paper presents the findings of the Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project in the state of Meghayala, India.

  • India: Dimensions of Giving and Volunteering in Meghayala (PRIA, 2003)
    PRIA Working Paper #9. One of a series of working papers produced by the Society for Participatory Research in Asia, this paper presents the findings of a survey on philanthropic giving and volunteering by the general populace undertaken as a complement to the Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project work in the state of Meghayala, India.

  • India: Dimensions of Giving and Volunteering in West Bengal (PRIA, 2003)
    PRIA Working Paper #7. One of a series of working papers produced by the Society for Participatory Research in Asia, this paper presents the findings of a survey on philanthropic giving and volunteering by the general populace undertaken as a complement to the Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project work in the state of West Bengal, India.

  • India: Exploring the Nonprofit Sector in India - Some Glimpses from Delhi (PRIA, 2004)
    PRIA Working Paper #12. One of a series of working papers produced by the Society for Participatory Research in Asia, this paper presents the preliminary findings of the Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project in the state of Delhi, India.

  • India: Exploring the Nonprofit Sector in India - Some Glimpses from Maharashtra (PRIA, 2003)
    PRIA Working Paper #10. One of a series of working papers produced by the Society for Participatory Research in Asia, this paper presents the preliminary findings of the Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project in the state of Maharashtra, India.


 

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