Publications

The Center’s comprehensive database contains over 400 research products generated by our projects and staff. In order to make it easy to find what you are looking for, we have divided our publications into 4 broad categories (International, U.S.-focused, Books, and News), with increasingly specific categories (e.g. by project) as you drill down.
 
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  • Spain's "la Caixa" Banking Foundation: A Global PtP Model (2020)
    Lester M. Salamon and Juan-Cruz Alli Turrias. This in-depth case study focuses on one of the newest and largest foundations to emerge from the implementation of the PtP Concept—a recently discovered, but powerful, “third route” to the creation of significant, charitable endowments around the world through the capture of all or a portion of the proceeds of transactions involving the privatization of government-owned or -controlled assets. Spain's "la Caixa" Banking Foundation emerged from the transformation of the largest and most successful of Spain’s network of trustee savings banks into for-profit banks. The result is one of the largest charitable foundations in the world, with an estimated Gross Asset Value of €25.8 billion (roughly US$29 billion) at its founding, and annual philanthropic expenditures approaching €500 million. The case study explains how and why this transformation occurred, how the “PtP route” involving the creation of a free-standing charitable endowment came to be adopted, what governance structures and transparency provisions were put in place to ensure the independence and accountability of the resulting institution, and what programmatic achievements this PtP institution has produced.

  • The BOTA Foundation: A Model for the Safe Return of Stolen Assets? (2016)
    Aaron Bornstein. This report represents the first in a series of case studies undertaken by the Philanthropication thru Privatization (PtP) Project and reports on perhaps the major example to date of the application of the PtP concept to stolen or stranded assets: the case of the BOTA Foundation in Kazakhstan, which arose from the seizure of the assets that an American citizen secured from a number of U.S. oil companies in the 1990’s and delivered to officials in the Government of Kazakhstan in order to secure prospecting and oil drilling rights for the companies in the Caspian Sea. To prepare this case study, the PtP Project enlisted Mr. Aaron Bornstein, who served as a program director, and later as the executive director, of the BOTA Foundation on behalf of IREX, a U.S.-based nonprofit organization selected by the World Bank in response to a competitive tender to operate this foundation. To ensure the objectivity of this account, the draft was been submitted for review by personnel from the World Bank and IREX that were involved in the BOTA case. Edited and with a foreword by PtP Project Director Lester M. Salamon.


 

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