Publications

The Center’s comprehensive database contains over 400 research products generated by our projects and staff. In order to make it easy to find what you are looking for, we have divided our publications into 4 broad categories (International, U.S.-focused, Books, and News), with increasingly specific categories (e.g. by project) as you drill down.
 
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  • Nonprofit Works 3.0 Flyer (2021)
    This is the flyer for Nonprofit Works, the Center's interactive database of U.S. nonprofit employment, establishments, and wages.

  • How to Close America's Digital Equity Gaps: Toward a Digital Futures Foundation (4.2021)
    Michael A. Calabrese and Lester M. Salamon. Produced in collaboration with the Open Technology Institute at New America, this concept note details a proposal to invest a portion of the windfall proceeds from recent and anticipated auctions of public airwaves in a new private Digital Futures Foundation to develop improved digital applications that address digital equity gaps in education, telehealth, online government services, and other critical areas.

  • [News Release] Nonprofit Jobs Rebound Slightly in October, but Remain Down by Over 900,000 Compared to Pre-COVID Levels (11.16.2020)
    In our continuing effort to track the ongoing impact of the coronavirus pandemic on nonprofit employment, we have analyzed data from the latest BLS Employment Situation Report to estimate nonprofit job losses through October 2020. We then looked at month-over-month trends to see how the overall recovery of early nonprofit jobs losses is proceeding. Online version here.

  • [News Release] Nonprofit Employment Recovery Slowed Significantly in September, Still Down by Nearly 8% (10.21.2020)
    As part of our continued effort to track the ongoing impact of the coronavirus pandemic on nonprofit employment, we have analyzed data from the latest BLS Employment Situation Report to estimate nonprofit job losses through September 2020. Online version here.

  • [News Release] Nonprofit Jobs Still Down by Nearly 1 Million, Despite a partial Recovery (9.4.2020)
    Our annual Labor Day erlease focuses on nonprofit job losses 6 months into the 2020 coronavirus pandemic. We found that, despite a partial recovery of the U.S. economy over the Summer, the U.S. Bureau Labor Statistics' August Employment Situation Report suggests that nonprofit employment was still down by an estimated nearly 1 million jobs compared to where it stood in February 2020. Online version here.

  • The 2020 Nonprofit Employment Report (6.2020)
    Nonprofit Economic Data Bulletin #48 | Lester M. Salamon and Chelsea L. Newhouse. The Johns Hopkins Center for Civil Society Studies’ 2020 Nonprofit Employment Report examines new data on employment and wages in private, nonprofit establishments in the United States. This report draws on the rich body of data generated by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics’ Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages from 2007 through 2017 (the most recent year for which data are available), examines available data on COVID-19 job losses to estimate the impact on nonprofits through the first three months of the U.S. pandemic response, and highlights new BLS data on the number of employees in nonprofit firms to understand eligibility for COVID-related federal support funding.

  • [News Release] Not just an urban phenomenon—New data on the nonprofit workforce
    Based on new Bureau of Labor Statistics data on nonprofit employment and wages in 2017, this Labor Day news release highlights the first-ever available data on Metro Statistical Areas. This news release was updated on September 6, 2019 to include Figure 4 showing nonprofit employment vs. private employment in other industries and to clarify that Figure 3 reflects nonprofit employment vs. total employment, including public/government workers.

  • The 2019 Nonprofit Employment Report (2019)
    Nonprofit Economic Data Bulletin #47 | Lester M. Salamon and Chelsea L. Newhouse. The Johns Hopkins Center for Civil Society Studies’ 2019 Nonprofit Employment Report examines new data on employment and wages in private, nonprofit establishments in the United States. This report draws on the rich body of data generated by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics’ Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages from 2007 through 2016 (the most recent year for which data are available).

  • [News Release] Nonprofit Rate of Job Growth Outpaces For-profit Rate by 3-1
    Based on new Bureau of Labor Statistics data on nonprofit employment and wages in 2016, this Labor Day news release shows that, between the pre-recession year of 2007 and 2016, nonprofit employment grew by nearly 17% while for-profit employment grew by less than 5%—a 3-1 nonprofit advantage.

  • Nonprofits: America's Third Largest Workforce (2018)
    Nonprofit Economic Data Bulletin #46 | Lester M. Salamon. Drawing on research data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics developed from its comprehensive Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages, this report brings the story of U.S. nonprofit employment up-to-date through 2015. Unlike previous reports in this series, this report presents projected estimates of overall nonprofit employment nationally and by individual states and 1,893 of the country’s approximately 3,100 counties, in addition to breakdowns by field at the national and state levels.

  • Pennsylvania Nonprofits: A Major State Industry (2017)
    Nonprofit Economic Data Bulletin #45 | Lester M. Salamon and S. Wojciech Sokolowski. This bulletin presents data on the scope and scale of the nonprofit sector in Pennsylvania and how it changed between 2007 and 2012, revealing that not only is it the single largest “industry” in the state in terms of employment, but that it showed remarkable resiliency during the most recent recessionary period.

  • New York Capital Region Nonprofits: A Major Economic Engine (2017)
    Nonprofit Economic Data Bulletin #44 | Lester M. Salamon and Chelsea L. Newhouse. This bulletin presents data on the scope and scale of the nonprofit sector in New York’s Capital Region—Albany, Columbia, Greene, Rensselaer, Saratoga, Schenectady, Warren, and Washington Counties— and how it changed between 2003 and 2013, revealing that not only is it the single largest "industry" in the region in terms of employment, but that it has shown remarkable resiliency through two recessionary periods, contributing 90% of all job growth during the study period. Produced in collaboration with New York Council of Nonprofits, Inc.

  • Texas: On the Verge - Value and Vulnerability of Austin's Nonprofit Sector (2015)
    This report from Greenlights, including data from our Nonprofit Economic Data Project, examines the state of Austin’s nonprofit sector, detailing its size, scope and economic value, which has assets approaching $10 billion. It finds that, while some organizations are on the verge of breakout success, sector-wide and organizational challenges have left others on the verge of shutting down. Also available on the Greenlights website here.

  • New York: Westchester County Nonprofits: A Major Economic Engine (2014)
    Nonprofit Economic Data Bulletin #42 | Lester M. Salamon and Stephanie Lessans Geller. This bulletin presents data on the scope and scale of the nonprofit sector in New York's Westchester County, and how it changed between 2003 and 2013, revealing that not only is it the single largest industry in the county in terms of employment, but that it has shown remarkable resiliency through two recessionary periods. Produced in collaboration with Westchester County Nonprofits.

  • The State of Global Civil Society and Volunteering: Latest findings from the implementation of the UN Nonprofit Handbook (2013)
    Comparative Nonprofit Sector Working Paper #49 | Lester M. Salamon, S. Wojciech Sokolowski, Megan Haddock, and Helen S. Tice. The latest findings resulting from the implementation of the UN Handbook on Nonprofit Institutions in the System of National Accounts. This report includes data on nonprofit employment, volunteering, fields of activity, contribution to GDP, expenditures, and revenues in 16 countries around the world.

  • Virginia: Virginia's Nonprofit Sector - Shaping the economic, cultural, and social landscape (2012)
    Nonprofit Economic Data Bulletin #41 | Lester M. Salamon and Stephanie L.. Geller. This report updates the 2008 report "Virginia's Nonprofit Sector: An Economic Force." The report includes the data on the overall size of Virginia’s nonprofit sector; the distribution of this nonprofit activity by field, region, and size of organization; the sources of nonprofit revenue; the extent of recent nonprofit growth; the resulting changes in the “market position” of nonprofit providers; and the relative wage levels of nonprofit and for-profit employers. Data is from 2000-2011. This version was revised on 12.12.2012 to reflect a correction to Figure 3.5.

  • The State of Nonprofit America, Second Edition (2012)
    ISBN 978-0-8157-0330-3 | Lester M. Salamon, Ed. This is the second edition of The State of Nonprofit America examines the forces at work on the U.S. nonprofit sector – voluntarism, professionalism, civic activism, and commercialism – and the tensions among these impulses. In the second edition of an immensely successful volume, Lester Salamon and his colleagues offer an overview of the current state of America’s nonprofit sector, examining the forces that are shaping its future and identifying the changes that might be needed. This edition has been completely revised and updated to reflect changing political realities and the punishing economic climate currently battering the nonprofit sector, which faces significant financial challenges during a time when its services are needed more than ever. This download contains the flyer for the book, and the table of contents. A sample chapter and ordering information are available at Brookings Press.

  • Nonprofit Advocacy: What do we know? (2007)
    CCSS Working Paper #22 | Stephanie L. Geller and Lester M. Salamon. Explores what existing research tells us about the extent and prevailing trends in nonprofit involvement in policy advocacy; examines what is known about the impact on nonprofit advocacy of some of the major factors that various theories have suggested affect the scale and character of nonprofit involvement in policy advocacy; and summarizes the gaps in our knowledge on this important topic and the implications these hold for further research on nonprofit advocacy.

  • Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project Methodology
    The Johns Hopkins Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project sought to develop a common base of data about a similar set of “nonprofit” or “voluntary” institutions in a disparate set of countries. This required that we resolve five critical methodological and conceptual challenges including selection of a set of differing countries for testing theories; clearly defining what was meant by “nonprofit” or “voluntary” organizations; development of a classification scheme; identification the most meaningful aspects of these organizations to focus on for data-gathering purposes; and devising a way to collect reliable data on these aspects in a cost-efficient fashion. This document describes how the Center went about these tasks and provides more detail on the actual sources of data used in various countries.

  • United States: Workforce, expenditures, and revenue data (1995)
    Adapted from Lester M. Salamon, S. Wojciech Sokolowski, and Associates, Global Civil Society: Dimensions of the Nonprofit Sector, Volume Two (Bloomfied, CT: Kumarian Press, 2004). Data circa 1995.

  • Explaining Nonprofit Advocacy: An Exploratory Analysis (2002)
    CCSS Working Paper #21 | Lester M. Salamon. Discusses the results of a survey of 3,400 nonprofit public-benefit organizations across the United States in the early 1980s that asked questions about the type and extent of advocacy activity in which they engaged; examines a number of possible explanations of the patterns of nonprofit advocacy activity that are apparent; tests these theories against the survey data; and outlines some of the major implications that seem to flow from the results.

  • Does the Focus on Paid-Staff Nonprofits Skew the True Scope of Voluntary Action? Evidence from a Case Study in Arts and Culture (2002)
    CCSS Working Paper #20 | Stephan Toepler. Much of our current understanding of the nonprofit sector and the degree of voluntary action in the United States is based on statistics drawn from official data sources that do not include information on small-scale grassroots activities. Some observers have argued that a focus on larger, paid-staff nonprofits has led to an inaccurate depiction of U.S. voluntary action. This paper presents data from a community study of cultural organizations, comparing small-scale groups to larger organizations to shed more light on the question of how skewed statistical maps based on official data sources might be.

  • In Search of the Nonprofit Sector: Improving the state of the art (2001)
    CCSS Working Paper #18 & Nonprofit Economic Data Bulletin #3 | Lester M. Salamon and Sarah Dewees. Identifies a set of criteria for evaluating the data sources currently available on the scale and structure of the U.S. nonprofit sector, applies these criteria to the existing sources of data to identify gaps that still exist, and describes how the work now underway through the Johns Hopkins Nonprofit Employment Project (NED) seeks to address these gaps and what the results have been to date. NED utilizes the ES-202 data source, a source of data on nonprofit employment and wages collected by State Employment Security Agencies as part of the federal government’s joint federal-state unemployment insurance program.

  • The Nonprofit Sector and the Arts in the United States - Bridging the gap (1999)
    CCSS Working Paper #15 | Stephan Toepler. While most high cultural institutions as well as community arts groups in the U.S. are nonprofit in form, traditionally, there has been very little interaction between nonprofit research and research on arts policy and cultural economics. Based on a presentation given at the National Endowment for the Arts, this paper reviews the applicability and relevance of trends and policy issues in the nonprofit sector for the field of arts and culture.

  • Global Civil Society: Dimensions of the Nonprofit Sector, Volume 1 (1999)
    ISBN 1-886333-42-4 | Lester M. Salamon, Helmut K. Anheier, Regina List, Stefan Toepler, S. Wojciech Sokolowski, and Associates. Resulting from the Johns Hopkins Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project, this volume presents a comprehensive country-by-country analysis of the scope, size, composition, and financing of the civil society sector in 22 countries around the world. The full text is available for download here; also available for purchase at Amazon.


 

Note: If you can’t find the publication you are looking for, please contact Chelsea Newhouse.